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This post features the second devotional by guest author Daryl Cox of the Scent of the King series from Ps 45, entitled the King and I. He discusses the psalm’s messianic message of the coming of Christ into our world: selection of the Bride; new thinking for the Queen and new relationship for the Queen with the King.


Psalm 45 is the psalm of the great King. It is the first in a succession of four that develop the subject of the King and His relationship with His people (Ps 45-48). The four reveal God’s presence in the midst of His people and the command to worship Him.[1] Heb. 1:8-9 confirms the Lord Jesus Christ as the subject of Ps 45, and by contextual sequence, the subject of the remaining three. Prior to the first coming of Christ this understanding was not made known. Since the outpouring of the Holy Ghost, inspired authors revealed it in Scripture as the cornerstone of New Testament theology. This writing is based on the understanding presented in Heb 1.

“Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad. Kings’ daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir. Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father’s house; So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him” (Ps 45:6-11 KJV).

“But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows” (Heb 1:8-9).

The Coming of Christ into Our World

This is a time to reflect upon the coming of Christ into our world. Why did Jesus come to our world? The Lord declared He came “to seek and to save that which was lost” (Luke 19:10b). His death and resurrection is the means of this recovery. He gives the human race, its people lost and separated from the Creator by sin, a new opportunity to know God. Out of the ruins of Adam’s disobedience, God chose the Church, a body of believers in Jesus Christ, to be His people. This calling establishes us in a covenant relationship with God unlike any covenant ordained prior to it. Filled with His Spirit and baptized in His name, He makes us heirs to His Kingdom rather than subjects.

The author identifies the King as both God and God’s Anointed (Ps 45:1, 6-7). Thus, we see the New Testament teaching of God in Christ according to Heb 1. It is God manifested in flesh who is anointed King above His contemporaries (45:7). In poetic style, the King is presented with His Bride, the Queen. The Bride represents His chosen people, the Church (Eph 5:25-27). Shown at His right hand, the Queen rules with Him. She partakes of His calling and anointing, made evident by the expression right hand that speaks of the royal honor, authority and power of the King. Our new birth gives us a new status. We are made new creations in Christ, God’s righteousness made to do the good works of the King. At the King’s right hand the Queen has His heart and favor. She seeks to bestow that privilege upon others. If we are to do the works of God, we must have the heart of God. His will is that no one live oppressed by the devil. God desires that all men be delivered and filled with His Spirit. Receiving the Holy Ghost establishes us as God’s people for He called and chose us as His own.


Selection of the Bride

The King did not choose His bride from among honorable daughters of kings, rather common people (Ps 45:9). “God so loved the world” (John 3:16a), but chose only to save those who believe and obey the Gospel. Apostle Paul reminded the Corinthian saints that their calling did not include many wise, noble or mighty men of stature after the flesh, but that God chose people and things of lesser stature to fulfill His will (1 Cor 1:26-29). Our hearts must respond to the King, for Christ seeks those who will surrender their hearts to him. We do not possess or never can achieve what is needed to be accepted by God. Psalm 45:8 says that all the King’s garments smell with the scent of myrrh, aloes and cassia. These are three of the elements that compose the anointing oil. The scent of His anointing flows through His garments. The King graciously grants the Queen’s garments. Forgiveness, cleansing, righteousness, sanctification, healing and sonship, to name a few, comprise elements of our great salvation. God provides grace that imparts life to the poor in spirit at redemption. In Christ, God graciously gives us what lost in Adam (1 Cor 1:30). We have a new identity. God did not choose for us to remain as we were, rather as His own through the blood of Christ’s death and impartation of His Spirit. We are sons of God destined to rule with Him.

New Thinking for the Queen

The Queen is instructed as a royal daughter to hearken, consider and incline her ear to embrace her new identity (Ps 45:10).[2] Now called to a higher standard, she cannot govern and live as the common people do. The Queen belongs to her husband, the King, and represents Him to the people. Three verbs specify her new attitude. The first, hearken,[3]indicates listening with the intent to follow through. Next, consider[4] requires looking or thinking upon continuously. She must compare her new thinking to that of her old way. Consideration brings understanding. It produces the correct perception. Then, incline [5] means turning away from and yielding to something different. The embracing of her new identity involves a departure from her connection to her race and family. As the King’s Bride, her racial and family life cannot hinder her relationship with the King or her duties as the Queen. The Holy Spirit teaches us to put off the ways and thinking we inherited from the house of Adam, our natural father, and embrace the new man in Christ. We have a new purpose and identity. To walk with the King, we must have the heart and mind of the King. The people who know their God will be strong and do exploits. They will live with a spirit of excellence.

New Relationship for the Queen

Finally, the Queen is revealed in relationship with the King– Christ and His Church, the people for whom He died and rose from the dead. We are a people sanctified to Him by the indwelling of His Spirit. Individually, we are His children. The greatest knowledge a person can possess is that which flows from a real relationship with Jesus Christ. Knowing Christ impacts our thinking and behavior. It teaches us how to be true men and women of God. We have become men and women with purpose and destiny, remaining steadfast and unmovable in the will of God. As we wait for the coming of the Lord Jesus, the Holy Ghost matures us in our knowledge and understanding of Christ. During maturity, the Holy Spirit leads us to embrace our identity. Hearkening, considering and inclining our heart to His ways, prepares us for the greater things from the Kingdom of God.

See also The Scent of a King–Psalm 45: Reflecting the Reality of Christ’s Death and Resurrection

To Ponder…

In what ways can we embrace our new identity in Christ?

Pastor Daryl Cox
Pastor Daryl Cox, Professor of Theology
All Nations Leadership Institute


[1] The author weaves worship and revelation as complementary threads throughout these psalms.

[2] “Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father’s house (Ps 45:10 KJV).

[3] F. Brown, S. Driver and C. Briggs, The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 2010).

[4] Brown, Driver and Briggs, BDB Hebrew and English Lexicon.

[5] Brown, Driver and Briggs, BDB Hebrew and English Lexicon.

YouTube Video: Psalm 45 by Brian Loomis