Heating Pad Prayer for Unity of the Body

Ministry and prayer do not function apart from each other. Prayer serves as the catalytic agent for change. “Your entire ministry reflects your prayer life.”[1]  In keeping with the effects of prayer, rephrase this statement to address the multicultural church.  If ministry leaders seek to reach and unify a diverse population as one in Christ, then, what role does prayer play to this end? This essay reviews four heating pad prayers from the early church that support unity through intentional actions.

Jan Paron/February 18, 2013

Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.  And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one: I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me (John 17:20-23 KJV).

Premises of Unity.2

John 17 Premises for Unity

Scripture mandates the Body to reconcile and unite as one in Christ. One finds the very core of unity in John 17:20-23.  As part of the High Priestly Prayer, Jesus prays for oneness:

  • Vision of Purpose and Knowledge.That believers may be joined together in “one fold and one shepherd” with “unity of purpose and knowledge through Jesus” (cf John 10:30; 17:21a).
  • Bearing of Witness. That believers abide in the one Shepherd and as one fold to bear unified witness in one accord to the identity of Jesus as the Sent One (John 17:21b).
  • Reflection of God’s Glory. That they may be kept in solidarity as one fold, transformed into His likeness to reflect His glory (John 17:22; 2 Cor 3:18).
  • Perfection of One in Him. That they may be made complete and full as one, believers collectively abiding in Christ and Him dwelling within every believer (John 17:23).[2]

SMC.Intentionality in Practice

Intentional Reaching for Unity

Intentional ministry purposes a twofold action: open access to the elect for reconciliation with God by reaching across the cultural milieu to the multitudes and bring this collective Body into one fold with the one Shepherd.  Jesus exemplified intentionality in His earthly ministry. In an earlier work, I listed eight biblical, intentional actions that support unity for a multicultural church[3]

  1. Reconciliation. Giving opportunity for reconciliation with God to the multitudes;
  2. Invitation. Inviting and welcoming the multitudes into all facets of ministry;
  3. Shared Power. Involving diverse team members in the decision-making process within the circle of power in your ministry;
  4. Diverse Team. Bringing together a diverse team of like-minded people in your ministry staff;
  5. Brotherhood. Living in brotherhood and esteeming culture;
  6. Relationships. Developing relationships with people from other cultures; as well as creating opportunity for cross-cultural fellowship;
  7. Measurements. Using spiritual growth measures to assess progress for unity within your ministry and
  8. Community. Blueprinting, architecting and inspecting the surrounding and outlying communities to guide inward and outward focuses.

Prayer Chain.Three

Prayer Basics

Prayer in its most basic form entails calling on the name of the Lord. You see this in both the Old and New Testaments (cf. Joel 2:32; Rom 10:9, 12-13). The New Testament verb for pray includes two meanings:

  • proseuchomai (προσεύχομαι) takes on multiple actions in which one offers up prayer or addresses a direct discourse to God containing a prayer; while
  • deomai (δέομαι) refers to requesting or supplicating to God in a direct discourse for something, either individually or communally.[4]

While people prayed two different ways in the New Testament, both involve direct individual or communal address to God.

Heating Pad Prayer for Unity

How does prayer influence ministry? Dan Willis refers to prayer as “the heating pad for love to grow.[5]  Wikipedia says you use a heating pad to warm parts of the body to manage pain. When you apply the heating pad its warmth opens localized vessels that enables blood to flow into the surrounding tissue. The increased blood flow carries more oxygen and nutrients that, in turn, support healing in the damaged muscle tissue. [6] Using this same analogy, prayer in the Name opens a pathway for the blood of Jesus to travel to the Body. As the blood flows to the different members it transforms with renewing, restorative and reconciliatory nutrients that heal for a united whole in Christ. A story about Charles Spurgeon illustrates this heating action.

Five students went to hear C.H. Spurgeon preach.  As they waited, a gentleman greeted them and asked if they would like to see the church’s heating plant. Though it was a hot day, they followed so not to offend him. The gentleman took them to another room and showed them the heating plant. To the students’ surprise they saw “700 people in prayer, seeking a blessing on the service that was soon to begin in the auditorium above.” That gentleman was none other than Charles Spurgeon (Our Daily Bread, April 24).[7]

Prayer, then, activates conditions for oneness, spreading Jesus’ message of love and unity throughout the Body. The New Testament models intentional, heating pad prayer that Jesus Himself prayed for in John 17:20-23: Vision of purpose and knowledge; bearing of witness; reflection of God’s glory and perfection of one in Him. Let’s look at four types of prayer that create a culture of intentionality. All four originated during the early church’s inception as told in the Book of Acts.  These prayer forms are Upper Room, Koinōnia, Ninth Hour and Shake the Foundation.

Heating Pad Action 1: Upper Room Prayer (Acts 1:14)

After Jesus’ ascension, His disciples go to an upper room as He commanded them to wait for promise of the Father (Acts 1:4) until they “were endued with power from on high” (Luke 24:49). There, 120 male and female disciples continued steadfastly in “one accord and supplication” (1:14).[8] They were in unity as one. Gospel author Luke often used the word homothymadon (ὁμοθυμαδὸν; cf. one accord) to reflect the spiritual unity of believers (cf. 2:46; 4:24; 5:12; 8:6; 15:25).[9] Oneness transpires while the disciples assume a prayer posture characterized by persevering, enduring and prevailing.  Luke does not tell how long they prayed, but steadfast prayer suggests a longer time span.

Intentional Actions: Diverse Team and Wide Circle of Shared Power

Unity runs through Acts 1:13 — one mind, one posture and one place. The disciples’ obedience launched the upper room prayer, resulting in a sequence of events. Think about it. The upper room prayer cut through hierarchical structure, as well as gender and age to break exclusionary boundaries for a wide circle of power. Everyone there focused intently on the one purpose of waiting for the promise of the Father. Due to the obedience of their actions, they were filled with the Holy Ghost, speaking in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance. Endued with power, these same disciples’ witnessed among the gathered. Later, the “Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved” reconciling both Judean and Hellenist Jews (Acts 2:47). The gathered included Jews from the 12 nations: Parthia, Medes, Elamites, Mesopotamia, Judaea, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt and parts of Libya near Cyrene (Acts 2:9-11).


  • Does your church practice unified, upper room prayer in a heating plant?
  • Do church leaders regularly model, teach and provide access to upper room  prayer for all congregants?

Heating Pad Action 2: Koinōnia Prayer (Acts 2:42-47)

Koinonia translates to fellowship. Its root, koinos, means “to hold something in common. So, the first commonality was being partakers of Christ through baptism in the name of Jesus and baptism of the Holy Ghost (Acts 1:6). The awaited infilling of the Promise brought them as partakers into the fellowship of the Body of Christ (Luke 24:49).[10] In this context, koinōnia takes on a second commonality, with the partakers themselves joined together in spiritual unity. With the combined two, koinōnia reflected partakers in shared communion with God and each other in Christ. Further, once joined partakers brought further spiritual unity to koinōnia by “steadfastly continuing” (Acts 2:42 INT) engagement in the “apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers” (2:42b NKJV). The descriptor steadfastly continuing (Greek: proskarterountes, προσκαρτεροῦντες) illustrates these four actions (v. 42). Written in present participle active, steadfastly continuing means “to give constant attention to a thing,”[11]  In the context of prayer, it describes an ongoing devotion (cf. 1:14), daily occurrence (2:42) with a one accord posture (v. 42).

Intentional Actions: Reconciliation, Brotherhood and Community

The church formed during Pentecost when both Jerusalem Jews and scattered Hellenist Jews gathered together for the feast. This gathering merged cultures influenced by geographic location, even though all were Jews. Prayer cut across these variances through continual prayer with unity as the binding agent. Their unity in koinōnia prayer formed relationship and strengthened community. It also brought about another result, which was “And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved” (v. 47). In sum, koinōnia prayer supports reconciliation, brotherhood and community.  One other point about prayer brings internal and external aspects. The early Jewish Christians still attended temple services and prayed there, which gave witness of Christ to others.


  • Do partakers join in unified fellowship to steadfastly continue in koinōnia prayer on a daily basis?
  • Does your church open intentional access to koinōnia prayer for people from diverse backgrounds?
  • Does your church hold koinōnia prayer in different internal and external locations using different formats and taking into consideration community culture and felt needs?
  • Is koinōnia prayer practiced in a way that invites and welcomes people from various cultures?
  • Do you have a middle-door strategy to prevent newcomer and mature Christian departures through the back door away from koinōnia prayer?

Heating Pad Action 3 Ninth-Hour Prayer (Acts 3:1-9)

During the formative years of the early church, the Jewish Christians interacted with Jews in the temple. Acts 3-4 (approximately, A.D.  6-7), shows no exception. Peter and John enter the temple for ninth hour prayer, a Jewish prayer service for confession and gift offering.[12]  A lame man asks the two for alms.  Peter explains that “such as I have give I thee: and commands the lame man ‘In the name of Jesus to rise up and walk’” (Acts 3:6 KJV). Showing compassion to the man’s needs, Peter evokes the name of Jesus and commands[13]  healing. This act of care and generosity brought the man reconciliation to God through the New Covenant gift offering of spiritual wholeness by means of Jesus’ authority.

Intentional Actions: Reconciliation, Invitation and Spiritual Growth Measures

The intentional action of ninth hour prayer for unity accomplished several purposes. First, it gave access to the new temple of the living God for someone who had no past opportunity to do so. Right above the fifteen steps to the Nicanor Gate, “neither women, nor maimed and unclean could pass.”[14] This access resulted in reconciliation. Further, Peter and John bore collective witness (John 17:21b) of Christ with outward expression of the resurrected Messiah, the Prince of Life (Acts 3:15). As they participated in ninth hour prayer and taught among the people, the apostle’s intentional actions sparked 5,000 who heard the word to believe in Jesus as the Messiah (4:4). Thus, you seek measurable results of this action by visible numbers.


  • Does your church actively seek the lost for ninth hour prayer?
  • Does your church purposefully pray ninth hour prayer in the Name outside the four walls of the church?
  • Do church ministries go to different places within the community for ninth hour prayer in a planned way?
  • Does your church study communities for ninth hour prayer by architecting, blueprinting and inspecting them for spiritual strongholds.
  • Does your church intentionally adapt ninth hour prayer structures to the multitudes for their access to reconciliation with God?

Heating Pad Action 4: Shake the Foundation Prayer (Acts 4:23-31)

Continuing with this account from Acts 3-4, the author of Acts tells that Peter and John annoyed temple rulers to the point of the apostles’ arrest (Acts 4:3). The rulers and council members summoned Peter and John and told them not to speak or teach in the name of Jesus (4:18), but ended up releasing them because “all men” glorified God over the man’s healing after 40 years of lameness (vv. 21-22).  The apostles went to their own company and told all that occurred (v. 23). They did not return to their immediate family, but spiritual family of faith. The following verses play a critical role in illustrating unity that further spread the Gospel message.  In Acts 4:24, Luke writes that they lifted their voice in praise to God, with “one accord” (4:24) – All members of the spiritual family of faith.  They petitioned [15] God to declare His message fearlessly, while He stretched His hand “to cure and to perform signs and wonders through the authority and by the power of the name of Your holy Child and Servant Jesus (vv.29-30).”

Intentional Actions: Shared Power and Diverse Team

They prayed together, in one accord and equality in approaching the throne for boldness. When they did, “the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness” (Acts 4:31). The coming together of the saints in prayer opens a channel for the power of the Holy Spirit to give boldness (Greek: parrēsia, παρρησία) that enables speaking freely in an unreserved, unconcealed and unambiguous way. Filled with the Holy Spirit, they went out and spoke the Word with boldness as requested (4:31). The word they (v. 31) implies everyone who prayed. After speaking the Word of God boldly, the company of believers joined in one heart and mind, had great power for witness and experienced great grace resting on them (vv. 32-33 AMP). They shared what they had, and no one was needy (vv. 34) – Shake the foundation prayer served as the agent for momentum in bringing a diverse body together. When a company of believers pray together in one accord, they break down existing cultural nuances and hierarchy. God is no respecter of persons (10:34).


  • Does your team practice regular, shake the foundation prayer for boldness to teach, proclaim and heal in Jesus’ name?
  • Does your church seek shake the  foundation prayer with every tribe, nation and tongue?

Close: Living Out Unity in Acts 29

Though the Book of Acts concludes at chapter 28, it requires us to live out the same intentional unity from the early church. Karel Marek highlights three words from Acts: witness, Pentecost and prayer. He recommends that we write Acts chapter 29. [16]  God equips us for Acts 29 with the Promise. Through the infilling and anointing of the Holy Spirit we are endued with power to witness and represent the authority of the Name to all nations, resulting in growth of the Body in the same proportions as the early church. This same fulfills the vision Jesus prayed for His Church in John 17: Following vision of purpose and knowledge (v. 21a), bearing of witness (v. 21b), reflecting God’s Glory (v. 22) and perfecting of one in Him (v. 23).[17]  Thus, we return to the original question, if ministry leaders seek to reach and unify a diverse population as one in Christ, then, what role does prayer play to this end? It’s time to let heating pad prayer fire up and show the Light, to extinguish darkness and bring renewed life to every kindred, tongue, people and nation for the time is near for a new heaven and new earth, a new Jerusalem! (cf. Rev 7:9-17).


To Ponder…

  • Quote from Verbal Bean: “Your entire ministry reflects your prayer life. Your walk with God, your testimony, even your countenance witnesses if you’ve prayed like you ought. [18]
  • Quote from Martin Mittelstadt on Karel Marek: “To encourage a person/church in the writing of Acts 29, Marek weaves a connection among three words in Acts: witness, Pentecost, and prayer. In order to write additional chapters to Acts, he believes churches must start with the prayers in the upper room (Acts 1).”[19]  What is the relationship between upper room prayer, church growth and unity of a diverse Body?
  • What role does prayer play in your church to bring growth and unity for a multicultural church?


  • [1] Steven G. Carrier, ed., Verbal Bean: Prayer 6th Printing (2009), 11.
  • [2] Jan Paron, The Mandate for Unity, Cited 18 February 2013. Online: https://specs12.wordpress.com/2012/10/07/seeking-the-m-o-s-a-i-c-church-the-mandate-for-unity/
  • [3] Jan Paron, M.O.S.A.I.C. Church Framework: “M” Intentionally Ministers to the Multitudes. Cited 20 February 2013. Online: https://specs12.wordpress.com/2013/02/16/m-o-s-a-i-c-church-framework-m-intentionally-ministers-to-the-multitudes/</span
  • [4] Joseph H. Thayer, Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 2009). 545, 129.
  • [5] Dan Willis, 20/20 Turnaround Conference, Nashville: Life Way Conference Center, 2012. Dan Willis is senior and founding pastor of the Lighthouse Church of All Nations at thelighthousechurch.org.
  • [6] Wikipedia, “Heating Pad,” n.p. [cited 23 February 2013]. Online:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki
  • [7] Christian Prayer Quotes. n.p. [cited 23 February 2013]. Online: http://www.christian-prayer-quotes.christian-attorney.net/
  • [8] Ben Witherington notes that Codex D adds σὺν γυναιξὶν to include “along with women,” referring to the wives and children of the apostles. This indicates a merging of familial households into the Christ of faith. Ben Witherington, The Acts of the Apostles: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1998), 113. Darrell Bock agrees with this same structure adding that Luke highlights the role of women in spreading the Gospel in Acts. Darrell L. Bock, Acts: Baker Exegetical Commentary of the New Testament (Grand Rapids, Baker Academic, 2007), 78.
  • [9] Ben Witherington, The Acts of the Apostles: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1998), 113. Witherington tells that Luke is the only New Testament author to use ὁμοθυμαδὸν to illustrate the spiritual unity of the early community of believers. He describes oppositional unity with the same word but with a different connotation (7:57; 12:20; 18:12; 19:29).
  • [10] Daryl Cox, “The Last Supper,” PerSpectives 12. n.p. [cited 25 February 2013]. Online: https://specs12.wordpress.com/2013/02/20/the-last-supper/
  • [11] Thayer, Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, 352. See also, Bob Gilliam, The Importance of Fellowship in a New Testament Church. n.p. [cited 25 February 2013]. Online: http://bible.org/seriespage/importance-fellowship-new-testament-church.
  • [12] Ninth hour is the second hour of prayer (Acts 3:1; 10:9) according to temple services. Michal Hunt explains that is the hour of prayer for “Minchah” (gift-offering), known as the “hour of confession” (Cited 19 February 2013. Online: http://awarenessministry.org/biblicalhoursofprayer.htm.
  • [13] The verb here for prayer is didōmi, indicating a petitionary prayer form. Daniel Harrington defines a petitionary prayer as “requests to God on behave of the one making the prayer, either personal or communal in context.” In Jesus and Prayer: What the New Testament Teaches Us, Frederick: The Word Among Us, 2009, loc 63.
  • [14] Craig Keener, The Bible Background Commentary of the New Testament (Downers Grove: Intervarsity Press, 19910, 331.
  • [15]  Greek: deēthentōn for pray, which is a request or supplication.
  • [16] Martin William Mittelstadt, Reading Luke-Acts in the Pentecostal Tradition (Cleveland: CPT Press), loc. 998.
  • [17] Jan Paron, The Mandate for Unity, Cited 18 February 2013. Online: https://specs12.wordpress.com/2012/10/07/seeking-the-m-o-s-a-i-c-church-the-mandate-for-unity/
  • [18] Verbal Bean, 11.
  • [19] Mittelstadt, Reading Luke-Acts, loc. 998. Karel Marek remarks come from his article,  “Acts 29,” published in The Pentecostal Testimony 70 (December 1989), 24.

Assessment for Unity in the Multicultural Church

How Does Your Local Church or Ministry Support Bridging the Gap Actions for Unity?

Assess your local church or ministry for the six key bridging the gap actions to support unity for a M.O.S.A.I.C.church…

Jan Paron/October 31, 2012

The below assessment serves as a guide to determine how well your church bridges unity. This evaluation works in tandem with the M.O.S.A.I.C. framework for bridging the gap leadership for unity. See the Bridging the Gap Leadership Framework for Unity post for details.

(Click images to enlarge.)

Images: Jan Paron, All Rights Reserved, 2012. Contact Jan Paron at janparon@perspectives12.org for permission to use.

To ponder…

  • How did the framework influence your thinking about unity of the church?


Paron, Jan. Seeking the Mosaic Church. Alsip, IL: PerSpectives12, 2012.

For those who want the pdf file, here’s the Slideshare for the assessment.

Seeking the M.O.S.A.I.C. Church: Understanding New Testament Unity, Pt. 2

Literary Background and Theological Message

Continuing with the mandate for unity, this post uncovers New Covenant unity (Part I) with the focus on the literary background and theological message of John 17:20-23…

Jan Paron/October 15, 2012

Part I of the series of New Covenant Unity, delves into the history background and cultural setting of the concept of New Testament unity described in John 17:20-23. The second part of this series completes the interpretative triad with literary and theological analyses. The triad completed provides premises for unity of the Body. These premises serve as guiding principles that give purpose to leadership in a multicultural environment within the local church – a biblical framework behind it and particulars for supporting it.

All Nations Leadership Institute, 2012

Literary Background

Some call John 17 the Farewell Discourse, others the High-Priestly Prayer.[1] Regardless, it reflects personal communication between Jesus, as the God-man, and the Father on the subjects of glory and unity. Jesus prays first for His disciples and second for future believers from the yet formed Christian community (17:20; cf., Ps 110:1, 4).

In John 17:20-23, Jesus petitions four times that the Body be one. Each petition begins with the word, that (meaning in order that).” [2] When a Greek language clause begins with the word that, it signals a hina clause immediately follows. A hina clause refers to “a continuous action and a statement of purpose”[3]  from the next sentence’s issue, need or subject, and gives the rationale for the clause before it.  The following sentence contains a hina clause, which I underlined. “People from diverse cultures must worship in harmony and side-by-side within the local church that the Body shows the outside world Jesus Christ is Lord through its unity. This hina clause gives an ongoing purpose for a culturally diverse population worshipping side-by-side and with one voice within the local church. The sentence makes a clear statement on its own without the hina clause. By adding the hina clause after it, though, the sentence becomes a mandate with an exclamation point. Let’s take close look at each verse from John 17:20-23 to peel back meaning of each of the four oneness hina clauses in their immediate literary context to the original audience.

Verse 17:20 “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word;” (NKJV). Think of it as a book preface that introduces a snippet of what’s to come. Jesus sets up the next three verses. Jesus prays for two different populations: His disciples (17:20a) and people of whom the disciples will persuade through their teachings (17:21c) that Jesus is the Sent One (17:20b). Did the audience grasp that future believers would include Gentiles?[4] My guess is that they did not, but see division among Jews towards the acceptance of Jesus as the Messiah. The prayer took place in the context of a Jesus community. It was not until after the Day of Pentecost that the circle of believers was expanded to include Gentiles. (cf. The spreading of Christianity in the Book of Acts.)

Verse 17:21that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.” John 17:23 contains two hina clauses about oneness “that they may be one” (“as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You”) and “they they may be one in Us” (“that the world may believe that You sent Me”). The two hina clauses join with a two-fold purpose for the disciples and believers across the ages. That purpose reflects a seamlessly unified people of one fold under one shepherd” (cf., John 17:11; See also John 10:16; 11:51-52; 56:8; Isa. 42:6b; allusion, Deut 29:14-15), whose unification as one in Christ bears witness to the identity of Jesus as the Messiah (John 17:5, 24; Zech 2:9). This verse holds significance to challenges the disciples face. Jesus says that the world “has hated them because they are not of the world,” just as Jesus as the God-man was not of this world (17:14).  The same detracters, the world, who hated or doubted Jesus as the Sent One, past and present, will show the same attitude to the disciples. Likewise, the disciples “will have tribulation” in the world (John 17:33c).

Verse 17:22And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one:”  This third hina clause about oneness might be restated to, that they may be kept in solidarity as one fold, transformed into His likeness to reflect His glory (John 17:22; 2 Cor 3:18). Group solidarity is of importance — Jesus asks that they be kept together as one fold, just as he did with the disciples (cf 17:11). Bruce Malina likens this solidarity to group glue founded on love.[5] Just as Jesus “loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.” The Amplified version states, “He loved them to the last and to the highest degree” (13:1). Facing His own departure He gave a new command that “you love one another’ even as I have love you, that you also love one another” (13:34). Solidarity is maintained when one loves (ἀγαπάω) another. Love is the glue that binds solidarity in relationship. In an ancient society dominated by kinship and status, loving one another did not come easy.

Verse 17:23 “I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.” The sentence prior to the hina clause shows need: “I in them, and thou in me (17: 23a), so that “they may be made perfect in one” (17:23b). When the fold remains unified, all the while abiding in Christ and Him dwelling within them, He matures them as one and makes them complete in His fullness.

Theological Message. Jesus’ prayers provide direction that believers from all tribes, nations and tongues would be unified. You see from the historical and cultural background that Jesus faced great opposition. Strife and conflict among Jews prevailed over the message of the forthcoming Messiah. Even Jesus’ own disciples did not grasp the full implications of His discourse and revealed identity in John 13-16. Consider for a moment the broader purpose and audience for this prayer. While Jesus prays for His disciples, He not only prays that they remain one, but addresses future unity of the yet formed Christian community (17:20-23).

This prayer serves the purpose of providing direction for a unified, Body of believers from all tribes and nations – The Church of Jesus Christ. An analysis of the result statements (hina clauses) for oneness shows four major premises for unity of the Church in the areas of purpose and knowledge, bearing witness, reflecting His glory and perfecting as one in Him:

  1. That believers may be joined together as “one fold and one shepherd” with “unity of purpose and knowledge through Jesus” (cf John 10:30; 17:21a; Miller, 2011).
  2. That believers abide in the one Shepherd and as one fold to bear unified witness in unity to the identity of Jesus as the Sent One (John 17:21b).
  3. That they may be kept in solidarity as one fold, transformed into His likeness to reflect the His glory (John 17:22; 2 Cor 3:18).
  4. That they may be made complete and full as one, collectively abiding in Christ and Him dwelling within every believer (John 17:23).

Next, the M.O.S.A.I.C. framework for leading in a heterogeneous church — six scriptural-based elements that support unity of the Body…

To ponder…

  • How do you see the theological message applied in the North American church?


  • Dana, H. E. & Mantey, Julius, S. A manual grammar of the Greek New Testament. Toronto: MacMillan Company, 1955.
  • Elowsky, Joel D. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture. Downers Grove, InterVarsity Press, 2007.
  • Köstenberger, Andreas. John: Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004.
  • ___________________. An Invitation to Biblical Interpretation: Exploring the Hermeneutical triad of History, Literature      and Theology. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 2011.
  • ____________________. Encountering John: The Gospel in Historical, Literary and Theological perspectives. Grand      Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 1999.
  • ____________________. A Theology of John’s Gospels and Letters: A Biblical Theology of the New Testament. Grand      Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2009.
  • Metzger, Paul. The Gospel of John: When Love Comes to Town. Downers Grove: IVP Books, 2010.
  • Moloney, Francis. (1989). Sacra pagina: The Gospel of John. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1989.
  • Neyrey, Jerome. The Gospel of John. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Neyrey, J. The Gospel of John in Cultural and Rhetorical Perspective. Grand Rapids, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2009.

[1] Jerome Neyrey, The Gospel of John, (Cambridge: University Press, 2007), 276. Neyrey says that the prayer has a long tradition of being called high priestly. He explains that it label roots itself in two items. “First the seamlessness of Jesus’ garment (19:23-24) has been compared to the high priest’s robe…Second, the Letter to the Hebrews shaped Christian understanding of the crucified Jesus as high priest.”

[2] Dana, H. E.. & Mantey, Julius, A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament, (Toronto: MacMillan Company, 1955).

[3] Dana & Mantey, A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament.

[4] Joel C Elowsky, Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, (Downers Grove, InterVarsity Press) 256. Origen Adamantius, an Alexandrian theologian ca AD184/185 that the human race has been appointed in order that in the future world—ages to come, when there shall be the new heavens and the new earth spoken of by Isaiah–that unity may be restored that was promised by the Lord Jesus in his prayer to God the Father, on behalf of His disciples.” Jerome, a theologian and Roman Catholic priest AD347, looked at Jesus’ petition as a reminder that God’s beloved children are one in God, partakers of His divine nature.

[5] Jerome Neyrey,The Gospel of John in Cultural and Rhetorical Perspective, (Grand Rapids, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2009, 469.

Seeking the M.O.S.A.I.C. Church: Understanding New Covenant Unity, Pt. 1

Historical Background and Cultural Setting

Continuing with the mandate for unity, this post uncovers New Covenant unity with the focus on the historical background and cultural setting of John 17:20-23…

Jan Paron/October 12, 2012

“God promised to build David a house” (2 Sam 13-14; cf., Act 15:16-17) — not the house from the ancient family of David, but the house of God made up of the people of God from all nations and time, a people born of the water and Spirit of God[1] Just as Jewish scribes carefully examined jots and tittles joined with Hebrew consonants for detailed meaning throughout ancient text; metaphorically, so too must one turn to these same in Scripture to understand unity in Christ with respect to Old Testament prophecy fulfilled in the New Testament with the house of the living God, the Church of Jesus Christ, comprised of the called from all tribes and nations. If you examine the historical and cultural and literary contexts of John 17:20-23, as well as theological message, you see the initial framework for New Covenant unity.

All Nations Leadership Institute, 2012

All Nations Leadership Institute, 2012

Historical Setting

John 17 contains Jesus’ fourth and parting prayer that closes the  Farewell Discourse[2]  The prayer took place during Passion Week, at which time Jesus sat with His disciples at a meal  immediately before His arrest (Matt 26:17-29). Jesus prays that the “hour is come” (17:1, cf., Matt 26:18; John 7:30; 12:23 and 13:1). He was about to complete His mission. Now, at the threshold to the cross, Jesus submits “as a man to the plan of God through the crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension”[3](cf., Isa 55:10-11; John 13:1, 3). This juncture marks Jesus’ transition from His earthly ministry to completion and triumph over the world. Glory is one of the central themes of the Book of John.  His glory fulfills the past and provides a trajectory of future eternal life for those who believe in Him (17:20).

Cultural Background Issues

The Jewish people believed that the “Gentile nations hated them because they were chosen and sent by God and suffered on his account.”[4] On the other hand, the Jews resented Jesus grouping most of them with “the world.” This created great opposition among Jews towards Jesus (cf. John 15:18-19). The author explains that God ‘sanctified’ or “set apart” Israel for himself as holy, especially by giving them his commandments” (Lev 11:44-45).

If God had sanctified His people, or set them apart among the nations by giving them the law, how much more are followers of Jesus set apart by His coming as the law made flesh (John 1:1-18; 17:17).[5] Unity, and thus covenant, now extends to those beyond Israel through the glorification of Jesus at the cross. As God and Jesus are one, the disciples and future generations to come are to be one in Him.

Prior to the crucifixion the disciples fully could not comprehend what Jesus told them about things to come (16:18-19). When He prays for oneness in their presence, it is set against this backdrop. The disciples hear Him, but may not have understood His inclusive vision for unity and oneness that extends to the Gentiles.

Next, literary background and theological message at Seeking the M.O.S.A.I.C. Church: Understanding New Covenant Unity, Pt. 2

To ponder…

  • What is the contemporary understanding of New Covenant unity?

[1] Daryl Cox, 2012, From Calling to Covenant: The Story of David. (Alsip: All Nations Leadership Institute 2012).

[2] Andreas Köstenberger, A.  A Theology of John’s Gospels and Letters: A Biblical Theology of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007).

[3] David Bernard, The Oneness View of Jesus Christ. Hazelwood: Word Aflame Press, 1994), 113.

[4] Craig Keener, The Bible Background Commentary: New Testament. Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press. 1993), 302.

[5] Keener, The Bible Background Commentary, 302.


  • Bernard, David.  The Oneness View of Jesus Christ. Hazelwood, Word Aflame Press, 1994.
  • Cox, Daryl. From Calling to Covenant: The Story of David. Alsip: All Nations Leadership Institute, 2012.
  • Keener, Craig. Bible Background Commentary: New Testament. Downers Grove: Intervarsity
    Press. 1993.
  • Köstenberger, Andreas. An Invitation to Biblical Interpretation: Exploring the Hermeneutical Triad of History, Literature and Theology. Grand Rapids, Kregel Publications. 2011.
  • Köstenberger, Andreas. Encountering John: The Gospel in Historical, Literary and Theological perspectives. Grand Rapids, Baker Academic. 1999.
  • Köstenberger, Andreas. A Theology of John’s Gospels and Letters: A Biblical Theology of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Zondervan. 2009.